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Joint Pain

Joint pain can be caused by injury which is affecting muscle, ligaments, or tendons surrounding joint. Joint pain occurs in shoulder, knee, spine, cervical area etc.

Some of common causes of joint pain are

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Injury / fracture
  • Strains & sprains (Sprain is a stretch and / or tear of a ligament & strain is an injury of a muscle and / or tendon)

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that can cause chronic inflammation of the joints, Autoimmune diseases are conditions that occur when the body’s tissues are mistakenly attacked by body’s own immune system.

The cause of RA is unknown but it is believed that the tendency to develop rheumatoid arthritis may be genetically inherited. It is also suspected that certain infections or factors in the environment might trigger the activation of the immune system in susceptible individuals. This misdirected immune system then attacks the body’s own tissues.

Inflammatory process is characterized by accumulation of activated leukocytes in synovial area that attack articular cartilage leading to progressive destruction of cartilage.

Chronic inflammation can cause damage to body tissues, including cartilage and bone. This leads to a loss of cartilage and erosion and weakness of the bones as well as the muscles, resulting in joint deformity, destruction, and loss of function. Small joints of hands and feet, e.g. fingers may suffer from deformity depending on which joints are involved.

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